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 Du Fu (aka: Zi Mei) was born in Gongxian in the province of Henan (modern Gongyi City) in 712 A.D. The 20-year-old man started his journey by visiting four states, Wu, Yue, Qi, and Zhao. In 747, he took the civil service exam in Chang'an but failed. After this setback, he lived in the capital for almost 10 years. The An Lushan Rebellion began in 755 and ushered in the governance of the Emperor Suzong 1 year later. Then Du Fu went to Lingwu (in the northwest at present-day Lingwu in Ningxia) alone with the intention to support and assist the Emperor Suzong but was captured by rebel forces half way through his journey and taken under escort to Chang’an. He escaped Chang'an the following year, joined the camp of Emperor Suzong in Fengxiang and was appointed Reminder when he rejoined the imperial court, thus called "Reminder Du" ("Zuo Shiyi" in Chinese). However, he caused trouble for himself by protesting the removal of his friend and patron Fang Guan on a petty charge and was demoted and transferred to Huazhou. In 759, he retreated and went westward to Qinzhou (modern Tianshui, Gansu) with a brief stay in Tonggu (modern Chengxian in Gansu) by the end of the year before his departure for Chengdu. In the spring of 760, Du Fu moved to Chengdu, built a thatched cottage in the western outskirts, adjacent to the Blossom-Bathing Brook (Huanhua Brook) and lived there for three years and nine months in total, during which he wrote more than 240 poems, especially The Prime Minister of Shu, Delighting in Rain on A Spring Night, and My Cottage Unroofed By Autumn Gales. In 764, thanks to a recommendation from Yan Wu, the prefecture of Chengdu and the Sichuan military commander (called "Jiannan Jiedushi" in Chinese), he was appointed as advisor to Yan and Second Class Secretary of the Ministry of Works Calibration, thus known as "Du of the Ministry of Works" (called “Du Gongbu” in Chinese). 1 year later, Yan passed away from disease and Du Fu, with his family, sailed down the Yangtze River to Kuizhou (modern Fengjie County, Chongqing City) where they stayed for almost two years. In 768, he began his journey again across the Three Gorges and got as far as Hubei and Hunan, where he died in the winter of 770 in his houseboat, in his 59th year. 

 The whole life of Du Fu witnessed the Tang Dynasty from prosperity to decline. During this time, Du Fu led a largely itinerant life unsettled by wars, and received a pure and profound understanding of social phenomena. Du Fu’s compassion, for the state and for the age, was part of his most direct feelings in his poems. The over 1,450 poems, that are still circulated now, with remarkable accomplishments in thoughts and arts, have far reaching effects on the development of Chinese literature, and his poems have been dubbed the "Poet-History". He is identified as the man of "Complete Symphony" who served as a link between the past and now, the greatest poet of "realism" and the "Poet Sage".

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